When my family and I moved back home to America from South Africa, we were not prepared for what would greet us upon our return. The dead of winter in Boston with its frigid temperatures, gray skies, and snow were the least of them. We also noticed that the social climate had changed. Yes, our family and friends warmly welcomed us, but there was a coldness and callousness that permeated the mood of the country.

Six months on it has taken a bit of time to adjust. At times I’ve wondered with all the anger and venom spewing out on TV and social media if true racial reconciliation is even possible. A week after the shootings of African American men and police officers in St. Paul, Dallas, and Baton Rouge, I felt as if I was constantly on the verge of tears. At times my emotions vacillated between sadness, anger, indifference, and bone tiredness. One evening, I sat quietly and asked the Lord to help me to understand what was going on in my heart. The Lord brought to mind a class I taught in South Africa entitled, “Trauma Awareness, Healing, and Reconciliation.”

My students were peace builders who came from Canada and across the African continent. They were advocates for reconciliation, social justice, and peace. They served on the front line in their home countries of northern Nigeria, Swaziland, Rwanda, Zambia, Mozambique, Kenya, Canada, Angola, Uganda, and South Africa. Some worked with the families of the kidnapped Chibok schoolgirls, traumatized Christian and Muslim students and families affected by the massacre at Garissa University College, others were involved in ethnic and racial reconciliation and outreach to trafficked women and youth ministry. The intensity of spending that week together, learning and sharing our stories, was profound.

Post-Traumatic Stress

One afternoon I taught on the topic of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The Mayo Clinic reports:

“Diagnosis of PTSD requires exposure to an event that involved or held the threat of death, violence, or serious injury. Your exposure can happen in one or more of these ways: You experienced or witnessed the traumatic event, or you learned someone close to you experienced or was threatened by the traumatic event. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares, physical symptoms, and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event.”

To illustrate this, I shared the story of how a woman who had worked in one of the Twin Towers had survived 9/11. As she ran from the towers, ash gently clung to her hair and clothing. On the way toward her apartment, she passed people sitting at café tables and sipping their cappuccinos, unaware that the towers were falling. She arrived home safely and told her family she was fine. But as time passed, it became apparent that all was not well. One morning she watched a TV special on the tragedy. She sat there transfixed, and when the day passed unaccounted for, she then realized that it was time to come out of denial and process her grief and trauma.

After I told her story, my students began to open up. They shared how they also carried post-traumatic stress from the past, and although they had made the choice to forgive their abusers, their post-traumatic stress persisted. For my students, the symptoms came in different forms. For some, it was fear of impending disaster, a fear of intimacy, or a refusal to visit the part of town where the trauma occurred. For other students, it was suspicion of “the other” or reluctance to tell their story for fear they wouldn’t be believed. Many of my students recognized they had unprocessed and unhealed trauma.

That day, Christians and Muslims shared their stories, stories that had never been shared before. They listened to one another, cried, and afterward prayed for one another. For some, there was a degree of closure, yet for others, there would still be more work to do.

Race-Based Traumatic Stress

Little did I know upon returning to America that it would be evident that many people of color were similarly hurting and in need of healing from race-based trauma. I realized that I too needed healing. As I sat there in silence and remembered how that woman ran from the twin towers, I felt that, like her, so many of us have spent our lives running as if from a house on fire. We have seen lives and livelihoods lost as if they did not matter. We have endured traumatic histories and the almost daily assaults on our dignity, like being tailed at the mall or when someone yells the N-word from a car as they speed past.

These lobbed grenades create such damage because they come when we least expect it and send a message that we do not belong. We are told there must be some reason why we deserved this, It doesn’t matter if we have an advanced degree, are a teenager in a hoodie, a member of the Senate, a janitor, or a celebrity. At some point, most of us have been profiled, and to survive we have suppressed or acted out our feelings. Many of us have just dusted ourselves off and taken a seat at a café table sipping our cappuccinos, teaching ourselves to minimize or deny the wounds and believe the lie that everything is okay.

“Scholars believe that day-to-day hassles can compromise psychological well-being … day-to-day stress can affect mental health when a large number of minor events add up and wear down a person, thus making her or him vulnerable to poor health. In the context of racism, daily hassles are described as ‘micro-aggressions.'” (Robert T. Carter, The Counseling Psychologist, 2007).

Linda Goler Blount noted in The Root, “Research has shown that stress and trauma from racially motivated events create reactions in Black women [and men] that are similar to post-traumatic stress disorder. … These reactions include depression, lack of sleep, anger and an inability to get thoughts about what happened out of one’s mind.”

Soul Care

I had begun to experience some of the symptoms of race-based traumatic stress, and now I had to confront how I really felt. The words of Jeremiah 6:14 came to mind; “They have treated the wound of my people carelessly, saying, ‘Peace, peace,’ when there is no peace” (NSRV). It wasn’t just that others did not take my wounds seriously; I did not take them seriously either. As my tears fell, I chose to no longer make a false peace but to address the severity of my wounds. I realized that despite all my head knowledge about trauma, I needed healing and also tools for soul-care.

Clebsch and Jaekle, authors of Pastoral Care in Historical Perspectives, write that soul-care involves four primary elements: healing, sustaining relationships, reconciliation, and guidance. I will add a fifth element of action:

The Pursuit of Healing

To overcome race-based traumatic stress and move toward wholeness, we must pursue healing. It starts with a commitment to deepen our relationship with the Lord through his Word, prayer, and worship.

This is an urgent need because this journey is a hard one, but we do not go it alone. We need to see what we have been carrying for so many years and no longer minimize how recent events in our country have re-traumatized many of us. Our true emotions of sadness, anger, indifference, or weariness must be brought into the light. We must also acknowledge the emotional, physical and spiritual toll that race-based traumatic stress has had on us, our families, and our communities. Some of us will need to seek psychological help from a professional to work through the trauma, and there is no shame in that. All of us can bring our feelings to the Lord and allow the Comforter to come and treat our wounds.

Sustaining Relationships

As we grow deeper in our knowledge that God loves and cares for us, we can invite others to sustain, strengthen, and support us as we heal and transcend our trials and trauma. We all need other people, dear friends, and allies with whom we can process things and pray with. John Welshons, author of Awakening from Grief, writes, “Our job is to be a presence, rather than a savior, a companion, rather than a leader, a friend, rather than a teacher.” We need others who will choose compassionate listening instead of merely mouthing words. This will help us to pursue true forgiveness and reconciliation as we live in the tension of having dear friends who are white while also having some of our deepest pain occurring at the hands of white people.

Reconciliation

A recent Facebook post from Natasha Howell tells of her encounter with a white police officer in a convenience store. Natasha writes that as she got closer, the officer asked her how she was doing: “I replied, ‘Okay, and you?’ He looked at me with a strange look and asked me ‘How are you really doing?'” to which she responded, “I’m tired!” His reply was, “Me too.”

Then he said, “I guess it’s not easy being either of us right now is it?” He then walked up and hugged her, and she began to cry in his arms. In that one moment in the absence of accusation, spouting statistics or recriminations, the barriers came down, and they both acknowledged: I see you, and I see your pain.

As the tears flowed, healing began. That story gives me hope that even in the midst of hurting we need one another to make steps toward healing, forgiveness, and reconciliation. I remember the bravery of those who lost loved ones at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. The public forgiveness of those family members was extraordinary. It was not an affirmation that the brutal racist murders during a Bible study were okay. It was a declaration that judgment belongs to our God, and a defiant act of refusing to allow their freedom to be bound by despair, anger, and bitterness. They chose by God’s grace to walk in love and forgiveness while still striving for justice. I too have made the same choice.

Guidance

Once we forgive, there comes a greater freedom to be able to give and receive guidance. Racism and consequent race-based traumatic stress will not stop just because we have had some degree of healing. In light of this, we have to be diligent about the choices we make in our thoughts and actions. We can seek guidance from the Lord and trusted others about when and how to destress, to expose injustice, and to engage in action which advocates for our needs and those of others.

Action

I believe that things can change because of the many friends and allies of different races and ethnicities who see and hear our hearts and also roll up their sleeves to make a difference. Together we must strive toward social action which is hopeful, impactful, and life-affirming: “Finally, all of you, be like-minded, be sympathetic, love one another, be compassionate and humble. Do not repay evil with evil or insult with insult. On the contrary, repay evil with blessing, because to this you were called so that you may inherit a blessing.” (1 Peter 3:8-9 NIV). For those we don’t agree with, we still need to create spaces in person and across social media for one another to experience God’s healing, love, compassion, and grace.

Sheila Wise Rowe
Sheila Wise Rowe holds a Masters degree in Counseling and has over twenty-five years experience as a gifted writer, teacher, speaker, artist, Spiritual Director, Life Coach and Counselor. Sheila is passionate about helping people heal and overcome past or current pain, obstacles and encouraging emerging and established leaders to go to the next level. Sheila has served in the USA, France and for over ten years as a missionary and lay pastor in Johannesburg, South Africa. She currently lives in Massachusetts with her husband Dr. Nicholas Rowe and is the mother of two college-age children. Sheila has written for The Redbud Post, Mudroom, READY! magazine and www.womensministrytools.com She is the co-author of, The Well of Life, a book which has helped impacted the lives of individuals, couples, and groups worldwide. Currently, she is writing a book about how Jesus heals and transforms the lives of those who have experienced trauma because of the color of their skin or their ethnic identity. She will soon launch The Cyrene Movement an online space for people of color to heal from racial trauma, realize their potential and reconcile communities. For more information: Visit: www.SheilaWiseRowe.com, www.TheCyreneMovement.com or www.Facebook.com/TheWellofLifeBook/ Email: sheilawiserowe@gmail.com

32 Comments

Post Comment
  1. Sheila, I have found that scripture from jeremiah to be so relevant in so many ways, and is right on for this current unease/dis-ease in our society. Though I am not in America, I am watching all the time, and see so many of the same injustices in UK, Africa and Australia, the places I work most into.

    I thank God for interactions such as the one between Natasha and the police officer, but God knows we need more than this. The underlying issue is fear in so many ways, and perpetrator and victim so often work together to form a helix of hatred.

    Thank God for the reconciliation work you have been doing in SA… and as you said in another post ‘may your tribe increase’.

  2. Bev,

    Thanks so much. Its important that we hear from folk outside of the USA because we generally have a distorted view of how we are perceived by the rest of the world. Thanks for the encouragement to keep at it regardless of the climate here.

  3. Thanks for your wise insight and personal growth in these areas. Much to reflect on for all of us.
    Great to see how we have all grown since our Cambridge days too!!

  4. Really important and insightful commentary Sheila. DefIntel spoke and still speaks to my frustration andrelalty of bring an African American in a place where race is constantly being raised as a factor in all manner of social interactions.

  5. Sheila, I am sad to hear what you have written…but I know its truth…please consider being my guest on “Mental Health In Your Neighborhood” on Boston Praise Radio/TV. I have booked someone special to you for tomorrow night. Dr. Nick Rowe. Join us.

  6. As a woman, I can get a small glimpse into the daily micro aggressions that are a part of life for people of color. I need to scour my own actions and words to make sure I am not a part of that problem. Thank you for sharing your words.

  7. Excellent article, Sheila. Thank you! My oldest son is a pastor in the Boston area (Grace Chapel’s Wilmington campus) and New England has a big piece of my heart. I hope to meet you in person one day.

  8. Thank you, Sheila, for giving us a clearer understanding of the impact our current racial climate has on people of color. You cannot begin to know how your words about PTSD impacted me as the mother of a young man who suffered abuse at the hands of his spouse. Like Dorothy, I will be chewing on your words for days.

    1. Thanks so much for your encouraging words and for sharing your heart. It is hard to see our children suffer I pray for healing for your son.

  9. I applaud your wonderful words of wisdom and strategy for guarding our souls and placing all in the Master’s hand, who ultimately guides us in our healing, delivery and sets us free. Thanks for genuinely sharing your experience and for being transparent. It gives us all liberty to reach out to seek help and befriend others as we do.

    1. Linda, its the grace of God and people like you who serve the body with attention, love and care that is a healing balm to communities of color

  10. Sheila, thank you for this wisdom in sharing this, and the importance to recognize the pain and move toward wholeness and reconciliation. I appreciate your words above about PTSD; I’ve been thinking lately about PTSD occurring from so many kinds of situations. The story of reconciliation at the convenience store is a lovely picture of hope. Thank you for these words.

  11. Sheila, I’m reading in Jeremiah right now, so your words and your work give depth to the passage you quoted. Thanks for clearly depicting an occasion for PTSD that had never even occurred to me.

  12. I am SOOO grateful for the glimpse into knowing more about you! Loved this & know the book you’re working on will bless so many.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *